FONDS - SECURITY ARCHIVE
(Archive of the State Security Committee of the Georgian SSR)
In March of 1921, according to a resolution passed by the presidium of the Special Committee, or “Cheka”, the registration archive department was formed. Its task was to gather and preserve incriminating materials about numerous “enemies” and
“dangerous elements” of the country that the Cheka had exposed.
Thirty staff units were selected for the registration archive department. The first registered case was the criminal case of Razhden Mirianashvili (son of Malakia) and six others who were accused of appropriating foodstuffs. Three of the accused were sentenced to death. Officials executed the sentence the next day.
Between 1921 and 1992, 230,000 archival files were stored in the cellar of the 10th department of the Committee for State Security (KGB).
The former KGB’s central building caught fire in the “Tbilisi War” of 1991-1992. As a result, 210,000 archival files were destroyed - 80% of the entire collection.
Many interesting documents are still preserved in the KGB archive. Noteworthy documents include those on the rebellion of 1922-1924, the Civil War, the dissident movement, the events of March 9, 1956 in Tbilisi, the so-called “Mingrelian Case” and others. Fonds №1, №6, №8 and №12 can be found in the KGB archive. Fond №1 combines normative acts (decrees, orders and directives) passed by the former Cheka/GPU/OGPU/NKVD/MVD between 1921 and 1990. Fond №6 combines criminal cases of persons tried under the Article on political crimes, cases of those tried under the Article on treason, and cases of those tried under various Articles of the criminal code. Fond №8 combines protocols of the board, presidium, special advisory and the so-called “Troika” of the former Cheka/GPU/OGPU/NKVD/MVD. Fond №12 combines documents concerning death-penalty executions.
The Archive of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Georgia
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