SECURITY ARCHIVE
(Archive of the State Security Committee of the Georgian SSR)
In March of 1921, according to a resolution passed by the presidium of the Special
Committee, or “Cheka”, the registration archive department was formed. Its task
was to gather and preserve incriminating materials about numerous “enemies” and
“dangerous elements” of the country that the Cheka had exposed.
Thirty staff units were selected for the registration archive department. The first
registered case was the criminal case of Razhden Mirianashvili (son of Malakia) and
six others who were accused of appropriating foodstuffs. Three of the accused were
sentenced to death. Officials executed the sentence the next day.
Between 1921 and 1992, 230,000 archival files were stored in the cellar of the 10th
department of the Committee for State Security (KGB).
The former KGB’s central building caught fire in the “Tbilisi War” of 1991-1992. As
a result, 210,000 archival files were destroyed - 80% of the entire collection.
Many interesting documents are still preserved in the KGB archive.  Noteworthy
documents include those on the rebellion of 1922-1924, the Civil War, the dissident
movement, the events of March 9, 1956 in Tbilisi, the so-called “Mingrelian Case”
and others.  Fonds №1, №6, №8 and №12 can be found in the KGB archive.  Fond
№1 combines normative acts (decrees, orders and directives) passed by the former
Cheka/GPU/OGPU/NKVD/MVD between 1921 and 1990.
Fond №6 combines criminal cases of persons tried under the Article on political
crimes, cases of those tried under the Article on treason, and cases of those tried
under various Articles of the criminal code. Fond №8 combines protocols of the
board, presidium, special advisory and the so-called “Troika” of the former
Cheka/GPU/OGPU/NKVD/MVD. Fond №12 combines documents concerning
death-penalty executions.
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PARTY ARCHIVE
(The Archive of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of
the Georgian SSR)
On June 24th, 1922, the Central Committee of the Communist Party (b) of Georgia passed a resolution establishing the Istpart Commission, or Commission on Party History. Istpart’s function was to collect, academically process and publish materials on the history of Party organs in Georgia.

In late 1929, under the instructions of the All-Union Central Committee of the Communist Party (b), the Party History Institute established the Party Archive.

A Central Committee resolution passed on March 26th, 1930, formed local divisions of the central Party Archive, to which all Party and Young Communist League organs delivered their respective archival holdings.

On the basis of a resolution passed by the Central Committee of the Communist Party (b) of Georgia on February 23, 1932, the Historical-Revolutionary and Scientific-Research Institute of Stalin was formed in Tbilisi.  In June 1934, the Institute became a branch of the Marx-Engels-Lenin Institute of the All-Union Central Committee of the Communist Party, and later the two merged completely. The Istpart archive, as well as the documents from the Central Committee local divisions, were transferred there. Between 1933 and 1937, the so-called Imeli (Istpart Marx-Engels-Lenin Inistitute) building was constructed on Rustaveli Avenue, Tbilisi, where the Party Archive was placed, and where it functioned until 2007.

Resolution №150, passed by the President of Georgia on April 5, 2007, moved the collection to the Archive Administration of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Georgia.

Today, the Party Archive boasts one of the biggest collections in Georgia - 8,300 fonds. These materials are invaluable to the study of Soviet and 20th century history.

Today, the Party Archive is one of the biggest archives in Georgia, preserving about 8,300 fonds. Archival fonds and materials are crucial to the study of Party history, as well as the history of the Young Communist League (Komsomol).
The Archive of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Georgia
Copyright © 2012 Created and supported by archive.security.gov.ge